How many SETAs are there?
25 SETAs were established by the Department of Labour in March 2001.
Follow this link to the Department of Labour's SETA website for further information in this regard. How will I know what to do to comply with the requirements?
Your SETA will send you all the necessary information, including the requirements and timetable for action by you, as well contact details for assistance to ensure you receive the maximum benefit from the skills development and SETA initiatives. How do I decide where to register?
Look at the core business of each legal entity within your organisation. For example, one of your subsidiaries may be involved in manufacturing, another in agriculture and another in construction, while your holding company is largely involved in providing Financial Services to the Group. Register each legal entity with the relevant SETA.
Financial and Accounting Services
Clothing, Textiles, Footwear and Leather
Diplomacy, Intelligence, Defense and Trade
Education, Training and Development Practices
Food and Beverages Manufacturing Industry
Health and Welfare
Information Systems (IT), Electronics and Telecommunication Technologies
Local Government, Water and Related Services
Media, Advertising, Publishing, Printing and Packaging
Manufacturing, Engineering and Related Services
Police, Private Security, Legal and Correctional Services
Tourism and Hospitality
Wholesale and Retail
Further comprehensive information regarding SETAs can be found on the Department of Labour's SETA site - follow this quick link Why is it that government departments affiliated to the line function CHIETA are not allowed to claim for the grant when we are paying the levy?
Government departments are only required to pay the 10% admin portion of the skills development levy (which is calculated as a percentage of 1% of payroll spend). No employers are able to claim back on the admin portion of the money paid to the SETA as the SETA uses this 10% for administrative expenses.
Employers would pay 100% levy which is split up as follows :
10% goes to CHIETA for administrative expenses and is not reclaimable by the employer
20% goes to the National Skills Fund which will be utilised to achieve national skills objectives and may be claimed from the NSF as project funding
70% goes to CHIETA and is available for employers to claim back as grants. Government departments are only required to pay CHIETA the 10% admin portion and are thus not eligible to claim back any grant monies from this amount. However, they are eligible to apply for strategic cash grants from the SETA. Government departments have to budget for the full 1% of payroll. 10% is to be paid to the SETA for its administrative expenses while the 90% allocated in their budget is to be spent in line with the workplace skills plan and internal skills development initiatives within the government department. This procedure is the result of an inter-ministerial decision passed by cabinet Can we receive the Act, etc, in Afrikaans?
The legislation is not available in Afrikaans. I am a new company who wishes to register with CHIETA at SARS - what do I do?
All applications for registration with a SETA need to fall under the scope of coverage that the proposed SETA claimed. Those claims were classified using an extended coding system for industrial classifications. As an employer, you do not have to launch an application for registration with a particular SETA.
If you did not receive a registration form from SARS, SARS or CHIETA will assist you with the process of selecting the relevant code. I am an SMME and do not plan my training at the beginning of the year. Do I have to complete a Workplace Skills Plan and am I entitled to claim the Workplace Skills Plan training grant for training done during the year even if I have not submitted
All employers are required to submit a Workplace Skills Plan to CHIETA if they you wish to claim the Workplace Skills Planning Grant. We insist on this for a number of reasons.
Firstly, the regulations indicate that the submission of a Workplace Skills Plan is a requirement for the claiming of other grants. Secondly, one of the main aims of the Skills Development Act is to foster and develop a culture of planning for skills development and training in South Africa. Therefore all employers, big or small, are encouraged to develop the habit of planning for training and development of their staff, and integrating this into their business and organizational development process. CHIETA will be glad to assist you with this process if you require it. How do state organisations benefit from registering with CHIETA?
The administrative portion that state departments pay to relevant SETAs will allow them to benefit from a number of SETA activities. In the case of CHIETA, state departments contributing towards the administrative budget of CHIETA may make use of the following benefits:
CHIETA's role in the development of skills programmes
CHIETA's role in the registration of learnerships
CHIETA's role in the registration of skills programmes
Access to CHIETA's discretionary cash grants
Accreditation of Constituent Providers
Monitoring, Assessing and Moderating
Assessment and Assessment systems
Certification What is an SMME?
SMME is an acronym that stands for Small Medium and Micro Enterprise and in the financial services sector refers to employers employing no more than 50 employees.
The definition, according to the National Small Business Act (102 of 1996), broadly refers to:
Micro – between 1 and 5 employees
Very Small – no more than 10 employees
Small – no more than 50 employees
Medium – no more than 100 employees
Large – 101+ employees Is CHIETA a governmental organisation or a private organisation with which we must be affiliated?
CHIETA is not a private organisation. It was established in terms of the Skills Development Act of 1998. Levies are collected by SARS and then the proportional share is transferred to CHIETA. How can I get involved with the CHIETA and make a contribution?
You can become a member of one of the working committees:
Learnerships – develop, implement and monitor learnerships
Quality Assurance – establish and monitor the implementation of a quality management system. Monitor the development of new standards or qualifications or modifications to existing standards or qualifications and recommend such standards or qualifications to NSBs and SAQA
Skills Plan – Assess education and training provision in the sector and identify deficiencies. Determine education and training priorities for the sector. Monitor the implementation of Workplace Skills Plans
Marketing and Communication – communicate and promote CHIETA's activities and objectives to all stakeholders Who should register with CHIETA?
[THIS QUESTION NEEDS TO BE ANSWERED WITH RESPECT TO CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES, NOT FINANCIAL SERVICES.] Why should small employers participate in CHIETA?
It is very simple for employers to claim back 15% of their skills development levy paid to SARS if they complete a training plan (WSP) and submit this to CHIETA in the prescribed format. If the WSP is accepted by CHIETA, employers may apply to claim back an additional 45% of their skills levy paid to SARS by providing CHIETA with a training report in the prescribed format. This means that the employer may claim back 60% for a training plan and a training report. In addition to this, employers may claim back 10% of their skills development levy paid to SARS as a discretionary cash grant if they are training in strategic areas.
Employers may also get involved in other interventions CHIETA is undertaking:
Free assessor training
Free assistance in completing WSP
Piloting of learnerships
Special project funding
The submission of WSP is a requirement for access to other grants such a free training. All that is required is for employers to submit a training plan and a training report in order to access the financial benefits outlined above. Planning for training is good business practice! Please define / explain Investment Entities and Trusts.
A trust is a business entity that is different from other business entities such as companies, partnerships, etc, and has different tax structures to other business entities. A trust may not administer itself and needs external administration in terms of relevant legislation, and must have a set of audited financial statements. Those registering under the SIC Code Investment Entities and Trusts (81904) are responsible for administering trusts and these administrative persons would be financial people such as accountants, bookkeepers, etc. Those registering under this SIC code should be aware that the trust itself, i.e. the business entity, does not fall under CHIETA, rather the entity that is administering the trust falls under CHIETA. For example, Deloitte and Touché have a special division that administers trusts. This division would register with CHIETA and pay their Skills Development Levy to CHIETA. The SIC code explanation could be read as or rephrased as: 81904 Investment Entities and Administration of Trusts. We are a new management consulting firm, offering in-house training to our clients, in all industry sectors. The trainees will be selected by our client for training purposes and will follow lengthy training.
The SETAs work on a levy grant system. This means that companies must register for and pay their Skills Development Levy to the South African Revenue Services. SARS then allocates this money (via the Department of Labour) to each of the 25 SETAs according to the SETA that each specific company has registered with. The company would choose to register with the SETA whose scope covers their main business activity. Your organisation, for example, is a management consulting business that does in-house training. If your main business is consulting, you would register with FASSET, which is the SETA for Finance, Accounting, Management Consulting and Other Financial services. Once registered, the company then pays 1% of their payroll as a levy. Against this they may claim two mandatory grants. The first grant (15% of the levy amount) is paid for the submission of a Workplace Skills Plan (WSP) and the second grant (45% of the levy amount) is for the submission of an Implementation Report (WSPIG) on the training completed. Each SETA has a specific format for the claim forms, depending on the needs of their sector. Each SETA may then offer specific additional incentives, in the form of discretionary grants or anything else, again determined by the needs of their sector. CHIETA, for example, will not re-imburse firms directly for training done, but offers a specific discretionary grant (over and above the two mandatory grants), as well as a number of specific services such as free continuous professional education workshops and assessor training.
Most SETAs will only support training that is provided by an accredited provider, so you would also need to ensure that your organisation is accredited for the training that it provides. The SETA that accredits this training will depend on the scope of the content of the training that you do.
CHIETA's website has a section called 'Getting Started' that will further explain the processes of registering, claiming and participating. This document will also refer the reader to the specific relevant sections of the website where more detailed information can be found. Please remember that many of the items in this document are specific to CHIETA and that each SETA would have their own deadlines, grants and support processes, so each of your clients should contact their relevant SETA directly. What do I do if I would like someone to come and help me with my grant submission?
CHIETA makes use of CHIETA Skills Advisors (FSAs). These are regionally based (Western Cape, Gauteng, Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal) advisors appointed by CHIETA to assist employers with the completion of their grant submissions (Workplace Skills Plan and Workplace Skills Plan Implementation Grant only) and the registration of the Skills Development Facilitators. I want to have South African qualifications (national or private) evaluated and the ‘M+’ rating determined. How can SAQA help me?
The core function of SAQA is to oversee the development and implementation of a National Qualifications Framework (NQF), which will, inter alia, facilitate the registration of all South African qualification onto eight levels of education and training. This process accounts for learning outcomes and is not compatible with a time-based system such as the 'M+' system. What is SAQA’s position in terms of the HSRC ratings accorded by the CEEQ to private education and training programmes during the 90s?
In the early 90s the Centre for the Evaluation of Qualifications (CEEQ), then residing with the Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC), initiated the co-ordination of the evaluation of specific courses (not institutions). The aim of this exercise was to compare the content of courses with the content of courses offered in the formal sector, following which the CEEQ recommended particular levels of recognition according to the existing formal framework of that period. These were mostly expressed in terms of year levels of study after completion of the Senior Certificate.
The aim of the Directory of HSRC-rated courses offered in the private education and training sector was to give an overview of the HSRC rating accorded for a specific period of time only, on the basis of formal applications, the completion of the evaluation process, and the resultant evaluation outcomes according to the series of specific steps. Ratings contained in this publication should therefore not be seen as an alternative to the accreditation process overseen by SAQA and the status of programmes and/or institutions as determined accordingly.
I need my South African qualifications evaluated for study / work purposes abroad. What must I do?
Recognition of South African qualifications in foreign countries is the prerogative of credential evaluating agencies in the host countries. Evaluations for the abovementioned purposes will therefore only convey information on the qualifications in question, within the South African context and not in relation to a qualification in the host country, in order to assist foreign evaluating bodies without prescription. For this service, offered by the Centre for Evaluation of Educational Qualifications (CEEQ), the normal application procedure applies.
The contact details of overseas evaluating agencies can be provided by the CEEQ.
What is the CEEQ’s role regarding admission of prospective students at South African institutions of learning, professional registration in regulated professions, or employment?
The role of the Centre for the Evaluation of Educational Qualifications (CEEQ) is to advise on the appropriate levels of recognition of foreign qualifications, as determined according to specific criteria outlined above. Since this does not entail an in-depth comparison of content (curricula, projects, research reports) in specific areas of specialisation, or the establishment of learning outcomes in the sense of actual knowledge and competency, it is necessary that providers, professional bodies and employers accept a partnership role in furthering the assessment according to internal criteria for the specific context. This may warrant an adaptation of the recommended placement and require support in terms of upgrading that may be necessary, as well as the monitoring of progress. Feedback to SAQA about the appropriateness of the initial evaluation is seen as crucial information and is therefore invited.
What is the legal status of these evaluations?
The evaluation of foreign qualifications used to be assigned to the Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC) in the HSRC Act, Act 23 of 1968. The function was transferred to the South African Qualifications Authority as a going concern with effect from 1 July 1999. The recommendations made on certificates of evaluation are advisory in nature and not prescriptive or binding on other institutions.
What are the criteria for evaluation of foreign qualifications?
The evaluation of foreign qualifications follows international practice as agreed to by countries in the European region and as outlined in the Lisbon Convention of 1997.
Evaluations aim to determine the 'local currency' of foreign qualifications. The evaluation procedure is based mainly on the structural analysis of foreign education systems and the attributes of qualifications obtained in these, compared to the South African context in terms of indicators such as:
Status of the awarding institution in the country of origin
Purpose of study
Duration and mode of study
Course composition and requirements
Learning outcomes as indicated by the professional and/or academic status of the qualification holder
SAQA evaluations offer general placement recommendations, which should preferably be supplemented by purpose-specific assessments.
What must I do to have my foreign (non-South African) qualifications evaluated? What is the cost involved? How long does it take?
Application guidelines include the following information:
What we need to do an evaluation (contact information, documentation and payment)
When evaluation results can be expected
Other important notes on the evaluation procedure
What is a SETA?
A Sector Education & Training Authority (SETA) is a body established under the Skills Development Act (RSA, 1998c) whose main purpose is to contribute to the improvement of skills in South Africa through achieving a more favourable balance between demand and supply, and by ensuring that education and training:
Acknowledges and enhances the skills of the current work force (in addition to ensuring that new entrants to the labour market are adequately trained)
Meets agreed standards within a national framework
Is provided subject to validation and quality assurance
Where appropriate, is benchmarked against international standards (NTB, 1999)
The full list of SETA functions is contained in the Skills Development Act (RSA, 1998c). Those which affect SAQA's work most directly are SETAs that:
Are accredited by SAQA as ETQAs within the economic sector (distinguished in Regulation 2(3) of the ETQA Regulations (RSA, 1998a) from the education & training sector and the social sector), and therefore fulfil all the functions of ETQAs as set out in Regulation 9 (RSA, 1998a)
Monitor education and training in the sector
How do I know which ETQA I should be registered with once I have been trained as an assessor?
You can contact SAQA to find out which SETA you belong to; it will probably be the SETA that your company is registered with and paying the levy to.
Do teachers have to be certificated and registered as assessors?
Yes, as stipulated in the Criteria and Guidelines for the Registration of Assessors, everyone who assesses learning should be certificated by the ETDP SETA and registered by the relevant ETQA in each sector.
What do I do if I want to be registered as an assessor?
You have to undergo training on the generic assessor unit standard with a provider that is registered /accredited by the ETDP SETA. If you are an assessor at present, you only need to be assessed for competence on the generic assessor unit standard by the ETDP SETA.
Does SAQA provide guidelines on the ideal relationship between formative and summative assessment in an integrated assessment system?
SAQA has developed guidelines for assessment that are contained in the documents titled: Criteria and Guidelines for the Assessment of NQF Registered Standards and Qualifications and the Criteria and Guidelines for the Registration of Assessors. The ideal relationship between formative and summative assessment has to be considered within the notion of continuous assessment and an understanding of the difference in purpose of formative and summative assessment. Continuous assessment embraces both formative and summative assessment. The NQF system allows for both types of assessment to be administered on a continuous basis over the course of a structured learning experience. For more information, refer particularly to the Criteria and Guidelines for the Assessment of NQF Registered Standards and Qualifications document.
Does SAQA sign a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with ETQAs or is this an issue between ETQAs?
The purpose of an MOU is to make a formal written agreement in order to address the areas of common interest in terms of the primary focus between the parties affected by these areas. SAQA's role is to provide assistance where possible to ensure that the ETQA functions are carried out efficiently and smoothly. SAQA oversees the process of developing MOUs and does not sign an MOU with ETQAs.
Does SAQA have a Quality Management System (QMS) that stakeholders can emulate?
SAQA does not prescribe a Quality Management System (QMS) model but has developed documents to guide the stakeholders on the minimum requirements for a QMS. These documents are called Quality Management Systems for ETQAs and Quality Management Systems for Providers. The Directorate Quality Assurance and Development is also involved in the printing process of these documents for further distribution.
Are consultants and Small Micro and Medium Enterprises (SMMEs) supposed to meet the generic criteria for accreditation as education and training providers or are there special criteria for them since they are not institution based providers?
All types of education and training providers should meet the generic criteria for accreditation. The criteria are broad requirements that need to be contextualised. In addition, a developmental approach should be adopted by ETQAs in the accreditation of providers.
Will any action be taken against schools that are not registered and/or accredited?
The rationale for the policy of registration and accreditation is to have a public register that informs the public of which institutions are legal and have an acceptable quality management and assurance system for the education and training they provide. Institutions that are accredited and registered will be obliged to display their registration and accreditation certificates. As the register of registered and accredited institutions will be public, the public will be in a position to ascertain the status of an institution before registering as learners.
Do all private schools and further education and training establishments have to be registered and accredited to provide education and training?
Yes, all private schools and further education and training establishments have to be accredited by the General and Further Education and Training Quality Assurance Body (GENFETQA) and be registered by the Department of Education.
Can a non-registered provider that wishes to be accredited as a provider of education and training in terms of regulation 13(a) of the ETQA Regulations apply to register with the ETQA from which it seeks accreditation.
ETQAs accredit providers – they do not register providers. The Department of Education, under the Schools Act of 1996, HET Act of 1997 and FET Act of 1998, registers providers. According to these acts all providers, public and private, providing education and training in the three bands – GET, FET and HET – must be registered. This regulation therefore says that registration as a provider must be with the Department of Education in terms of the relevant Act, and accreditation to offer specific national qualifications must be with the appropriate accredited ETQA.
What does regulation 3(2)(g) of the ETQA Regulations mean?
3(2)(g) - An organisation seeking accreditation as an Education and Training Quality Assurance Body shall demonstrate that "the function of external quality assurance is separate from and independent of the function of provision of education and training".